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As an example, look at a person riding a bicycle, with the person acting like the engine. If that person tries to trip that bike up a steep hill in a gear that is designed for low rpm, he or she will struggle as
they try to maintain their balance and achieve an rpm that will allow them to climb the hill. However, if indeed they shift the bike’s gears right into a speed that will produce a higher rpm, the rider could have
a much easier time of it. A continuous force can be applied with soft rotation being offered. The same logic applies for industrial applications that require lower speeds while keeping necessary
torque.

• Inertia complementing. Today’s servo motors are producing more torque relative to frame size. That’s because of dense copper windings, lightweight materials, and high-energy magnets.
This creates greater inertial mismatches between servo motors and the loads they are trying to move. Utilizing a gearhead to raised match the inertia of the electric motor to the inertia of the load allows for using a smaller motor and outcomes in a more responsive system that is easier to tune. Again, this is achieved through the gearhead’s ratio, where the reflected inertia of the strain to the electric motor is decreased by 1/ratio2.

Recall that inertia may be the measure of an object’s resistance to change in its movement and its own function of the object’s mass and form. The higher an object’s inertia, the more torque is required to accelerate or decelerate the object. This means that when the load inertia is much bigger than the engine inertia, sometimes it can cause extreme overshoot or boost settling times. Both circumstances can decrease production collection throughput.

However, when the motor inertia is larger than the strain inertia, the motor will require more power than is otherwise essential for the particular application. This improves costs because it requires spending more for a engine that’s larger than servo gearbox necessary, and because the increased power intake requires higher operating costs. The solution is to use a gearhead to match the inertia of the motor to the inertia of the strain.